Common Conveyor System Problems – Solving Issues with Belt Conveyors

A massive range of industries today make use of the conveyor belt system. For many, it’s the obvious and most convenient method for conveyance. It’s a mechanically simple system, and energy efficient. Despite this, many issues can arise in any number of ways. With conveyor belting, or the belt conveyor internals, or any number of other problems. When this happens, a belt conveyor can be a hassle, that take time to fix, and negatively affecting income.

Keeping your line in smooth, running condition is a key factor of success to your operations. Here, we’ll cover several simple solutions to common conveyor belt system problems. These will cover conveyor belting, system internals, and more.

Conveyor Belt Carry-back

For many products, the material may stick to the conveyor system after the transfer point. To resolve this, install primary and secondary cleaners for the belt conveyors.

When installing cleaner blades on your belt conveyor, ensure they are properly tensioned. Also make sure that they cover the material path, so that they can fully remove them from the belt conveyors.

Conveyor Belting Mistracks

A common occurrence, especially on poorly maintained systems, is belt drifting. Here the conveyor belt drifts to one side of the track. This results in uneven conveyor belting wear, and can end up damaging the whole system.

To prevent this from occurring, try installing a conveyor system belt position-er. This can prevent damage to the belt, and prevent material from falling off the belt conveyor, as well.

Conveyor System Material Slippage

This is a pertinent issue with conveyor belt systems that aren’t installed properly. It occurs when material slips off the conveyor belting at transfer and load points.

To prevent this, try installing skirt clamps, or a belt plough, into the conveyor system. This will go a long way towards reducing material wastage on your belt conveyors. It will also reduce time and resources spent on cleanup.

Belt Conveyor Slippage

Slippage happens when the head pulley of the belt conveyor isn’t gripping the belt. This occurs in a conveyor belt due to a loss of friction between them. To prevent this, you can install pulley lagging.

Pulley lagging assists with increasing friction in the system, reducing slippage. Conveyor belting that has slipped can cause serious issues for the conveyor system.

Seized Rollers in Your Belt Conveyors

Steel rollers in your belt conveyors that develop sharp edges can cause belt failure. If this occurs, it will likely result in a long belt conveyor shut down time for repairs.

Nylon rollers almost completely remove the risk of premature failure from surface corrosion. Should a conveyor belt failure occur, a nylon roller won’t damage the conveyor belting.

Chute blockages

Within certain conveyor system types, material must move through a transfer chute. Oftentimes, an overflow of material can cause blockages in these chutes. This will result in the entire belt conveyor stopping to prevent worse blockages.

To rectify this, go for alternative chute designs. Many designs are very well suited to belt conveyors. They can control the flow of material through the system, and reduce impacts on conveyors.

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