Bucket Elevators/Grain Elevators

Bucket elevators and grain elevators allow for the vertical transport of bulk materials. A bucket elevator is able to transport materials such as grain, seed, pellets, and powders. Industry can also use a grain elevator indoors or outdoors, depending on application. These systems are usually designed, fabricated, and installed by conveyor and process engineers.

Facet Engineering has a team of dedicated conveyor and process engineers. The experience they have in their fields keeps us at the forefront of our industry. Thus, if you need a bucket elevator for a specific task, contact Facet Engineering today.

Bucket Elevator/Grain Elevator Specifics

Bucket elevators and grain elevators serve a large variety of tasks. Fundamentally, they consist of several base components. The creation of these components largely falls on the conveyor and process engineers:

  • Buckets that contain and carry a specific material.
  • A belt which transports the buckets and provides a means of transmitting pull force.
  • A method of driving the belt (A motor or generator).
  • Accessories that load the buckets or pick up material.

A bucket elevator/grain elevator can lift a large variety of bulk materials. This includes light, heavy, fine, and large materials.


Grain elevators can operate on a vertical or inclined plane, depending on application. Bucket elevators rely on centrifugal discharge in how they function. The action of discharging material through centrifugal force must meet certain criteria.

For example, using centrifugal force means that the elevator must run at high speeds. Conveyor and process engineers take this factor into account when designing such systems.

Function and Design

Most bucket elevators and grain elevators use spaced buckets with rounded bottoms. This allows for more effective and efficient material loading.

The buckets can also have a triangular cross section have little or no clearance on the belt. This type of bucket elevator design allows for carrying difficult loads. These are not usually used in agricultural processing. Thus, a grain elevator with this design is uncommon.


Conveyor and process engineers used flat chains with small, steel buckets attached. This is an older design for bucket elevators, and is no longer the standard. Most current bucket and grain elevators use a rubber belt with plastic buckets.

Most modern bucket elevator types use large pulleys at the top and bottom of the belts. Additionally, the top pulley uses an electric motor to generate belt driving force. Modern systems, as well, can use a “diverter” at the top of the elevator. This technology allows grain elevators to separate product into different bins.

Facet Engineering – Your Preferred Conveyor and Process Engineers

Facet Engineering are are designers, manufacturers, and suppliers of plant and machinery. We handle everything, from individual machinery to complete turnkey projects. What’s more, our experienced and qualified process engineers are experts in their field. So, consider Facet Engineering for your conveyor and process needs. We dedicate ourselves towards ensuring the best possible end result for our clients.

For further queries, questions, and concerns, contact us today.